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Europe – Women earned 16% less than men in 2016, Eurostat finds

07 March 2018

In 2016, women in the EU earned on average 16.2% less than men according to data from Eurostat, the statistical office of the EU.

The 16.2% gender pay gap in the EU means that women earned on average €0.84 for every euro a man makes per hour.  Across the EU member states, the gender pay gap in 2016 ranged from about 5% in Romania and Italy, to more than 25% in Estonia, followed by the Czech Republic and Germany (both almost 22%).

Among the member states with less than a 10% gender pay gap include: Romania (5.2%), Italy (5.3%), Luxembourg (5.5%), Belgium (6.1%), Poland (7.2%), Slovenia (7.8%) and Croatia (8.7%, data for 2014).

The member states with a gender pay gap of more than 20% include: Estonia (25.3%), the Czech Republic (21.8%), Germany (21.5%), the United Kingdom (21.0%) and Austria (20.1%).

Eurostat added that when compared with 2011, the gender pay gap has dropped in most of the EU member states, but rose in ten of the member states. The highest increases were seen in Portugal (4.6%) and Slovenia (4.5%). The UK saw an increase of 1.3% when compared to 2011. Overall, the gender pay gap fell by 0.6% when compared to 2011.


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